Haywood Brown, MD

Dr. Brown received his undergraduate degree from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University in Greensboro and his Medical Degree from Wake Forest University School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.  He completed his residency training in Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Tennessee Center for Health Sciences in Knoxville, Tennessee, followed by subspecialty fellowship training in Maternal and Fetal Medicine at Emory University School of Medicine/Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia.

Dr. Brown has a distinguished career as an academic leader in education, clinical care and research for three decades. 
Dr. Brown served as Professor and Chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina from 2002-2016 Most notable during his tenure, Dr. Brown established a Global Women’s Health Program. In 2017-2018, Dr. Brown served as the 68th President of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Dr. Brown is especially committed to the care of women at high risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, particularly those disadvantaged which includes disparity in maternal and infant morbidity and mortality.

“Black Women Health Inequity and the Origin of Perinatal Health Disparity”

Black enslaved women endured sexual exploitation and reproductive manipulation to produce a labor workforce on the southern plantations during the Antebellum Period. Health care inequity has continued from slavery and into the 20th century primarily as a result of racial segregation, poverty, access, poor quality of care, eugenics and the assault of forced sterilizations. Racial disparity in maternal and infant mortality is an outcome rooted in racial injustice, social and economic determinants as well the stresses during pregnancy throughout the generations of black births. Affordable, available, quality and equitable care and narrowing the economic gap for black women and families is the most significant barrier in combating racial disparity in perinatal health outcomes and health inequity. 

Learning Objectives:

  • Describe the role sexual exploitation and reproductive manipulation played in producing a workforce for financial gain during slavery

  • Describe why the unethical practices of government sanctioned forced sterilization, eugenics, violated reproductive justice and laws in Medicaid consent for sterilization in the US

  • Describe how obstetrical  care practice during slavery through reconstruction and the 20th century is the origin of health disparities